The Commissionerate of Minorities Welfare, headed by the Ex-Officio Commisssioner, has made an in-depth study of the Socio-Economic and Educational Conditions of Muslim Community in Andhra Pradesh.
The study focussed mainly on the living conditions, occupational profile, income and literacy levels and participation in social activities. The said study was done through District Minorities Welfare Officers and the officials of the A.P. State Minorities Finance Corporation. The previous\ material and study on the Socio-Economic conditions of minorities in the State made by the A.P. State Minorities Commission was utilised by the Commissioner of Minorities Welfare in preparing the report on the socio-economic conditions of Muslim minorities in the State.
According to the 1991 Census, the population of Minorities in AP was 72 lakh (i.e. 11% of total population). Of this, Muslim population was around 64 lakhs consisting 8.5% of total population. The survey mainly focussed on Educational, Economical and Social aspects.
The study report revealed that around 65% of Muslims are living Below Poverty Line (i.e., annual income of Rs. 11,000 or below) and 16% are living under Double Poverty Line (i.e., annual income is Rs. 44,500 or below). The literacy rate among Muslim minorities is only 18% as against 44% rate among other communities in the State as per 1991 Census. The literacy rate among Muslim women is very poor, which is only 4%.
The study revealed that most of the Muslims are engaged in petty business activity (viz., Pan Shop, Chai Dukan, selling of fruits & flowers, as labourers in Engineering workshops, watch servicing and repairs of Radio & TV, etc.,) in addition as Rural artisans. It also revealed that the socio-economic conditions of Muslim Minorities community in the State are very poor due to poverty, illiteracy and inadequate representation in various fields of the society.
The Commissioner, therefore, recommended 5% reservation for Muslims in jobs, education and other fields to ensure their upliftment.
The State Government accepted the recommendation and issued G.O. MS. No. 33 on 12th of July, 2004, ordering that Muslims in the State be provided with 5% reservation in educational institutions and employment in the State, over and above the reservation provided to the Backward Classes. It ordered that Muslims be treated as Backward Classes under Category E (in addition to the existing A, B, C, D Categories).